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Balkrishna Pandey
Balkrishna Pandey

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How to Resolve CocoaPods Installation Issues in a React Native Project

If you're working on a React Native project and trying to manage iOS dependencies using CocoaPods, you might encounter various issues during the installation process. Recently, I faced an error when running pod install and resolved it by ensuring the correct setup of Xcode and Ruby on my system. This blog post details the error and the steps I took to resolve it.

Error Log

Here's the error log I encountered when attempting to run pod install:

$ pod install
Auto-linking React Native modules for target `meetflow`: BVLinearGradient, RNCClipboard, RNGestureHandler, RNImageCropPicker, RNReanimated, RNSVG, RNScreens, RNShare, RNSnackbar, RNSound, RNVectorIcons, react-native-image-picker, react-native-safe-area-context, and react-native-video
Framework build type is static library
[Codegen] Generating ./build/generated/ios/React-Codegen.podspec.json
Analyzing dependencies
Fetching podspec for `DoubleConversion` from `../node_modules/react-native/third-party-podspecs/DoubleConversion.podspec`
[Codegen] Found FBReactNativeSpec
Fetching podspec for `RCT-Folly` from `../node_modules/react-native/third-party-podspecs/RCT-Folly.podspec`
[Codegen] Found rncore
Fetching podspec for `boost` from `../node_modules/react-native/third-party-podspecs/boost.podspec`
Fetching podspec for `glog` from `../node_modules/react-native/third-party-podspecs/glog.podspec`
Fetching podspec for `hermes-engine` from `../node_modules/react-native/sdks/hermes-engine/hermes-engine.podspec`
[Hermes] Using the release tarball from Maven Central
Adding spec repo `trunk` with CDN `https://cdn.cocoapods.org/`
Downloading dependencies
Installing BVLinearGradient (2.8.2)
Installing CocoaAsyncSocket (7.6.5)
Installing DoubleConversion (1.1.6)
Installing FBLazyVector (0.72.4)
Installing FBReactNativeSpec (0.72.4)
Installing Flipper (0.182.0)
Installing Flipper-Boost-iOSX (
Installing Flipper-DoubleConversion (
Installing Flipper-Fmt (7.1.7)
Installing Flipper-Folly (2.6.10)
Installing Flipper-Glog (
Installing Flipper-PeerTalk (0.0.4)
Installing FlipperKit (0.182.0)
Installing OpenSSL-Universal (1.1.1100)
Installing RCT-Folly (2021.07.22.00)
Installing RCTRequired (0.72.4)
Installing RCTTypeSafety (0.72.4)
Installing RNCClipboard (1.5.1)
Installing RNGestureHandler (2.12.1)
Installing RNImageCropPicker (0.40.0)
Installing RNReanimated (3.4.2)
Installing RNSVG (13.13.0)
Installing RNScreens (3.24.0)
Installing RNShare (9.2.3)
Installing RNSnackbar (2.6.2)
Installing RNSound (0.11.2)
Installing RNVectorIcons (10.0.0)
Installing React (0.72.4)
Installing React-Codegen (0.72.4)
Installing React-Core (0.72.4)
Installing React-CoreModules (0.72.4)
Installing React-NativeModulesApple (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTActionSheet (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTAnimation (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTAppDelegate (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTBlob (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTImage (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTLinking (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTNetwork (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTSettings (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTText (0.72.4)
Installing React-RCTVibration (0.72.4)
Installing React-callinvoker (0.72.4)
Installing React-cxxreact (0.72.4)
Installing React-debug (0.72.4)
Installing React-hermes (0.72.4)
Installing React-jsi (0.72.4)
Installing React-jsiexecutor (0.72.4)
Installing React-jsinspector (0.72.4)
Installing React-logger (0.72.4)
Installing React-perflogger (0.72.4)
Installing React-rncore (0.72.4)
Installing React-runtimeexecutor (0.72.4)
Installing React-runtimescheduler (0.72.4)
Installing React-utils (0.72.4)
Installing ReactCommon (0.72.4)
Installing SocketRocket (0.6.1)
Installing TOCropViewController (2.6.1)
Installing Yoga (1.14.0)
Installing YogaKit (1.18.1)
Installing boost (1.76.0)
Installing fmt (6.2.1)
Installing glog (0.3.5)
[!] /bin/bash -c 
set -e
# Copyright (c) Meta Platforms, Inc. and affiliates.
# This source code is licensed under the MIT license found in the
# LICENSE file in the root directory of this source tree.

set -e


if [ -z "$CURRENT_ARCH" ] || [ "$CURRENT_ARCH" == "undefined_arch" ]; then
    # Xcode 10 beta sets CURRENT_ARCH to "undefined_arch", this leads to incorrect linker arg.
    # it's better to rely on platform name as fallback because architecture differs between simulator and device

    if [[ "$PLATFORM_NAME" == *"simulator"* ]]; then

# @lint-ignore-every TXT2 Tab Literal
if [ "$CURRENT_ARCH" == "arm64" ]; then
    cat <<\EOF >>fix_glog_0.3.5_apple_silicon.patch
diff --git a/config.sub b/config.sub
index 1761d8b..43fa2e8 100755
--- a/config.sub
+++ b/config.sub
@@ -1096,6 +1096,9 @@ case $basic_machine in
+   arm64-*)
+       basic_machine=$(echo $basic_machine | sed 's/arm64/aarch64/')
+       ;;

    patch -p1 config.sub fix_glog_0.3.5_apple_silicon.patch

export CC="$(xcrun -find -sdk $PLATFORM_NAME cc) -arch $CURRENT_ARCH -isysroot $(xcrun -sdk $PLATFORM_NAME --show-sdk-path)"
export CXX="$CC"

# Remove automake symlink if it exists
if [ -h "test-driver" ]; then
    rm test-driver

# Manually disable gflags include to fix issue https://github.com/facebook/react-native/issues/28446
sed -i.bak -e 's/\@ac_cv_have_libgflags\@/0/' src/glog/logging.h.in && rm src/glog/logging.h.in.bak
sed -i.bak -e 's/HAVE_LIB_GFLAGS/HAVE_LIB_GFLAGS_DISABLED/' src/config.h.in && rm src/config.h.in.bak

./configure --host arm-apple-darwin

cat << EOF >> src/config.h
/* Add in so we have Apple Target Conditionals */
#ifdef __APPLE__
#include <TargetConditionals.h>
#include <Availability.h>

/* Special configuration for ucontext */
#if defined(__x86_64__)
#define PC_FROM_UCONTEXT uc_mcontext->__ss.__rip
#elif defined(__i386__)
#define PC_FROM_UCONTEXT uc_mcontext->__ss.__eip

# Prepare exported header include
mkdir -p exported/glog
cp -f src/glog/log_severity.h "$EXPORTED_INCLUDE_DIR/"
cp -f src/glog/logging.h "$EXPORTED_INCLUDE_DIR/"
cp -f src/glog/raw_logging.h "$EXPORTED_INCLUDE_DIR/"
cp -f src/glog/stl_logging.h "$EXPORTED_INCLUDE_DIR/"
cp -f src/glog/vlog_is_on.h "$EXPORTED_INCLUDE_DIR/"

patching file config.sub
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking whether build environment is sane... yes
checking for arm-apple-darwin-strip... no
checking for strip... strip
checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... ./install-sh -c -d
checking for gawk... no
checking for mawk... no
checking for nawk... no
checking for awk... awk
checking whether make sets $(MAKE)... yes
checking whether make supports nested variables... yes
checking for arm-apple-darwin-gcc... /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/usr/bin/cc -arch arm64 -isysroot 
checking whether the C compiler works... no
xcrun: error: SDK "iphoneos" cannot be located
xcrun: error: SDK "iphoneos" cannot be located
xcrun: error: Failed to open property list '/Users/bkpandey/Library/Caches/CocoaPods/Pods/External/glog/2263bd123499e5b93b5efe24871be317-04b94/iphoneos/SDKSettings.plist'
xcrun: error: SDK "iphoneos" cannot be located
xcrun: error: SDK "iphoneos" cannot be located
xcrun: error: unable to lookup item 'Path' in SDK 'iphoneos'
/Users/bkpandey/Library/Caches/CocoaPods/Pods/External/glog/2263bd123499e5b93b5efe24871be317-04b94/missing: Unknown `--is-lightweight' option
Try `/Users/bkpandey/Library/Caches/CocoaPods/Pods/External/glog/2263bd123499e5b93b5efe24871be317-04b94/missing --help' for more information
configure: WARNING: 'missing' script is too old or missing
configure: error: in `/Users/bkpandey/Library/Caches/CocoaPods/Pods/External/glog/2263bd123499e5b93b5efe24871be317-04b94':
configure: error: C compiler cannot create executables
See `config.log' for more details
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To resolve the issue, I followed these steps:

Install Xcode

Since the error indicated that the SDK could not be located, the primary solution was to install Xcode, which includes the necessary SDKs and tools.

Install Xcode from the App Store:

  • Open the App Store on your Mac.
  • Search for "Xcode."
  • Click "Get" and then "Install."

Install Xcode Command Line Tools, Open Terminal and run:

xcode-select --install
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Set the command line tools path:

sudo xcode-select --switch /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer
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Agree to the Xcode License:

sudo xcodebuild -license accept
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Verify Installation

  • Open Xcode and ensure any additional components are installed.
  • Ensure Xcode Command Line Tools are set correctly:
  • Run the following command in Terminal to verify the path:
xcode-select --print-path
It should output /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer.
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  • Verify that the necessary SDKs are available:
xcodebuild -showsdks
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Following above steps I was able to resolve the issues and successfully install the necessary pod dependencies for my React Native project.

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