The concept of virtual experience continues to trend, slowly shaping our future. Companies and developers are competing and working hard to get closer to their dream of a fully-realized metaverse. Tech Giants like Facebook, Apple, Google, Amazon, and Fortnite's Epic Games are investing heavily in metaverse development.
However, a fully-realized metaverse is still a long way off. It might take us years, if not decades, to achieve that dream. In the meantime, the industry is channeling its efforts toward building decentralized applications (dApps). Building dApss is a stepping stone toward a fully-realized metaverse ecosystem.
Dapps are like your regular apps; the only difference is dApps run on a decentralized network, whereas your everyday apps run on a centralized server. Transparency, security, and autonomy are their hallmarks. There are multiple types of dApps ranging from gaming to finance.
Dapps & metaverse development involves a variety of tools and technologies, with Unity being one of the most popular. Today we will dive deep into how you can develop a metaverse dApp with Unity.
Unity in a nutshell
Since Unity is a video game development tool, it's not surprising that it can help you create 3D models and avatars. And since metaverses are nothing but 3D virtual environments, 3D rendered models are their building blocks.
Unity's built-in tools, asset store, graphical components, and cross-platform operability makes this tool a popular choice for metaverse and dApp development. Though there's a steep learning curve, we will try to briefly explain all the steps to build a metaverse dApp with Unity.
Essential requirements for developing Metaverse dApps
Unity's asset store is a treasure chest with elements that can help you build 3D worlds and avatars. You can use the MedievalSharp-Regular SDF to create a sample of a medieval world with avatars decked in armor.
Web3 backend platform
You will need a Web3 backend platform to complete the final step of integrating the Web3 login wallet. You will get all the necessary SDKs and Web3APIs for adding crypto to your metaverse in this backend platform.
Web3 login wallet
You'll find numerous options for Web3 login and authentication. You can have Metamask as an option for your tech-savvy users and email authentication for regular users.
This one's a toughie; you will get it once you start working on it. You'll need these components to develop a metaverse dApp:
- Scene window - a visual window to see the app you are working on.
- Hierarchy window - it displays all GameObjects in the scene currently.
- Project panel - it stores all the files needed for the specific project, like fonts, scripts, parties, etc.
The basics of building a virtual world in Unity
There are three steps to developing a metaverse dApp with Unity:
- Creating a 3D world
- Creating an Avatar
- Adding a Web 3 login wallet with a QR code option
So basically, you start a project, create a scene, and add assets & visual effects to beautify your world. After creating a 3D environment, you will work on the Avatars. And once your metaverse imitates the real world, you can add a crypto wallet for users to trade NFTs.
Pros & Cons of Choosing Unity for metaverse development
- Good graphics quality
- Vast documentation
- C# programming language
- Strong community support
- Free guides available
- Huge asset store
- User-friendly interface
- Few outdated documentation
- No external code libraries
- Limitations in the visual editor
- Prefab editing is difficult
- Steep learning curve
Will Unity dominate metaverse development in the future?
The gaming industry is Unity's stronghold, but it has little experience catering to other markets. And with the metaverse booming, the creation of interactive 3D environments will also rise. Unity has a great chance to position itself as a leader of metaverse development in the upcoming years.