Decentralized Finance (DeFi) has come to provide an alternative approach to traditional financial systems where there will be no intermediaries. By leveraging blockchain technology, DeFi enables a transparent & secure environment for lending, borrowing, trading, yield farming & asset management. But, there was still a gap between the real world & the digital tokens. To bridge the gap & create a much wider version of decentralized financial architecture, here comes real-world asset (RWA) tokenization.
Real-world assets are tangible ones that have their own value & can be used as collateral during trading or lending agreements. In traditional financial structure, the value & trading of real-world assets is managed by fundamental institutions like banks, stock exchanges, etc. But here, the concept is to tokenize the real-world assets & integrate them with the blockchain. The assets are converted into digital tokens & can be bought, sold & traded on the decentralized ecosystem.
Asset-backed tokens allow investors to access assets that were previously inaccessible to them. DeFi asset-backed tokens bring liquidity to illiquid assets, create a strong digital asset security system & offer an open diversified asset tokenization market approach that only a few institutional investors earlier dominated! With the help of blockchain technology, the tokenization of assets brings transparency to the DeFi ecosystem, gives confidence & secured earnings to the lenders & provides borrowers with capital access.
Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) can be a prime aspect of asset-backed tokens in the decentralized financial structure. It is used for unique asset tokenization including digital artworks, virtual real estate, collectibles, tickets, etc. NFT is a very popular emerging option for tokenization & it has the power to create a completely new market that is transparent & free from any central controlling units. It allows collectors to borrow against their purchased collections. Lenders can invest in NFTs to get ownership of rare items & can be highly benefited through decentralized trading.
Commodities trading is another form of real-world asset tokenization & can be traded in decentralized manners. Commodities like gold, silver, oil, etc are considered valuable real assets and are used in decentralized exchanges as collateral. There are platforms that track the value of the assets & maintain transparency in the DeFi chain.
The concept of real estate tokenization can bring massive changes in the business by bringing liquidity to the market. Rather than large capital investments, it welcomes small investors to get a share & fractional ownership of a property. Blockchain & Smart Contracts can open up the market for all & make the market wider for interested investors, without demanding huge funding.
Intellectual property ownership rights can be treated as RWA in DeFi. The tokenization & trading of patents, copyrights, trademarks, etc can be done using blockchain technology. However, it’s a fact that there are some limitations to maintaining the right ownership of intellectual properties on the DeFi system but it’s been expected to be solved soon & then it will be considered as one of the major prospects of DeFi tokenization indeed!
Digital securities allow investors to access traditional securities through DeFi platforms using blockchain technology. Real-world digital securities including assets like stocks, bonds, commodities, etc are tokenized, recorded on the blockchain & traded in the DeFi system.
Some DeFi platforms offer tokenizing real-world currencies which allow investors to invest in different currencies on the blockchain platform. Currencies like EUR, USD & JPY are now the most popular real-world currencies that can give high deposit interest to investors.
Different cryptocurrencies such as Stablecoin, Bitcoin, Ether, etc actively take part in maintaining a secure & transparent transactional atmosphere that denies the traditional financial ecosystem where there is an intermediary to manage traditional operations. Cryptocurrencies have the capability to evolve the DeFi protocol & bring a way more effective & accessible peer-to-peer trading mechanism. Though there are challenges as the crypto market is considered a bit more volatile & there are high liquidity risks, we hope that those will be overcome gradually in near future.
Investors can get cryptocurrency loans by collateralizing their assets. The secured, transparent & simple process of crypto-collateralized loans reduces the hazards, time & effort of the traditional lengthy lending process notably. It helps the investors to use asset-backed tokens as collateral & get loans against them.
Going through all the above-mentioned aspects, you can figure out that there is a wide range of opportunities for the perfectly balanced integration of RWAs in DeFi that can reshape the whole financial structure! But it has some challenges like compatibility & scalability issues, liquidity challenges for some assets, risk of adoption, etc that need to be treated with proper care. However, we believe that the incorporation of RWAs in DeFi will be optimized soon & it will be considered a revolutionizing move in the coming years.